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how to program in unary

quandaries with copyleft

some of my favorite sites

quantification of bitstring randomess

the parse interpreted algorithm language


some of my favorite sites

Here is a list of websites and online resouces that I often use or visit, and which I would like to uphold.


Internet Archive::Wayback Machine


I use this website all of the time; in fact, I use it to link to an archived page of the multiVAX website:


This site is most likely my favorite. This extensive archive of even the most obscure resources has provided me with finding many pages and websites that are no longer active.



This free encyclopedia is another website of utmost importance for me. When it comes to learning about various topics, Wikipedia is truly indespensible.



This list would truly be incomplete if I were to exclude Zamzar. This service, which performs multimedia conversion between many file formats, has been an extremely beneficial tool.

I have used this for various other conversions which I could not complete with GIMP, VLC, or another software.



This website has been very valuable to me, by allowing me to create beautiful, high-resolution formulas, which I have used on this website and often in my academic work.

ChemDoodle::2D Sketcher


In a similar vein to latex2png, I use ChemDoodle's 2D Sketcher for much of my academic work. It is a great tool for creating 2-dimensional chemical structures online.



Enter a paper DOI, and never get stuck at a publisher paywall again.

At the time of writing, sci-hub.tw is the active domain name.

VPN Gate


I use the .ovpn files offered on the site in conjunction with Tunnelblick, an open-source VPN software, in order to quickly connect to a VPN.

It is very easy to connect to a VPN, and the academic basis for this hub creates a minimal VPN solution without the flashy, ad-laden experience of a typical VPN consumer product.

IETF Tools::Requests for Comments


I use this very often for consulting RFC documentation. A particular favorite of mine is RFC 1149.



This is the best online calculator I have found.